Ba Duan Jin qi qong is one of the most common forms of Chinese qigong used as exercise Variously translated as Eight Pieces of Brocade, Eight Silken Movements and others ,the name of the form generally refers to how the eight individual movements of the form characterize and impart a silken quality to the Body and its Energy.The Baduanjin is primarily designated as a form of medical qigong,meant to improve health.this is in contrast to religious or Martial foms of qigong . Shifu Prabhakar Reddy P
The Baduanjin as a whole is broken down into eight seperate exercises,each focusing on a different physical area and qi meridian ,The Baduanjin traditionally contains both a standing and seated set of eight postures each,In the modern era,the standing version is by far the most widely practiced .the particular order in which the eight pieces are executed sometimes varies,with the following order being the most common.
Two Hands Hold Up the Heavens(Shuang Shou Tuo Tian)=This move is said to stimulate the Triple Warmer meridian (Sanjiao),It consists of an upward movement of the hands,Which are loosely joined and travel up the center of the Body.
Drawing the Bow to Shoot the Hawk(vulture)=While in lower horse stance,the practitioner imitates the action of drawing a bow to either side,It is said to exercises the waist area,focusing the kidneys and spleen.
Separate Heaven and Earth=This resembles a version of the first piece with the hands pressing in opposite directions,one up and one down,A smooth motion in which the hands switch positions is the main action,and it is said to especially stimulate the stomach.
Wise Owl Gazes Backwards (Look Back)=This is a stretch of the neck to the left and the right in an alternating fashion.
Sway the head and Shake the Tail=This is said to regulated the function of the heart and lungs ,Its primary aim is to remove excess heat from the heart ,Xin huo is also associated with heart fire in traditional Chinese Medicine,In performing this piece,the practitioner squats in a low horse stance,places the hands on thighs with the elbows facing out and twists to glance backwards on each side.
Two Hands Hold the Feet to Strengthen the Kidneys and Waist=This involves a stretch upward followed by a forward bend and a holding of the toes.
Clench the Fists and Gare Fiercely=This resembles the second piece,and is largely a punching movement either to the sides or forward while in horse stance,This which is the most external of the pieces,is aimed at increasing general vitality and muscular strength.
Bouncing on the Toes =This is a push upward from the toes with a small rocking motion on landing ,The gently shaking vibrations of this piece is said to smooth out the qi after of the preceding seven pieces.